How to Build a Patio: DIY Paver Patio | The Home Depot


A patio made out of concrete pavers is
both functional and stylish, and it’s an easy way to transform your outdoor
living space. For this project, we’re going to add to an existing patio built
over a concrete slab. Before beginning, make sure there are no buried lines or
cables you’ll be disrupting when installing your patio. Concrete pavers
come in many different styles and a few thicknesses, and they can be combined
into a variety of patterns. If you’re installing over a concrete slab, you may
need a thinner 30-millimeter paver to fit your door’s threshold. The rest of our
patio will be built on the ground, with a crushed-gravel base the same height as
the concrete, so all pavers will be at an even level. As a guide, stretch out a
level string running from the edge of the slab to a stake, placed at the
outside edge of your patio. You may want to do this in a few places to ensure
consistent outcome. If your patio will be exposed to the rain, lower the string by
an inch or so every four feet to create a slope. After marking off the dimensions
of your new patio, remove all of the sod and dirt with a shovel, down to a level
of about 7 inches below the surface. You’ll need to clear out any rocks or
debris and compress the soil to create a stable surface for your patio. For large
areas like this, renting a plate compactor from The Home
Depot will be a huge time-saver. At this point, you can lay down a weed barrier
but it’s not required if you have a properly packed gravel base. Fill the
excavated area with a layer of crushed gravel, then spread it around evenly with
a metal rake and wet it down thoroughly with a hose
over the entire surface. Now, go over it with a plate compactor. For small areas,
you can use a hand tamper. Continue the process throughout the whole patio area,
adding to the gravel layer, wetting it, and compressing it until you have a
solid base, built approximately two inches below your string guidelines. Next,
you’ll create an even layer of fine paver sand for setting your pavers
through a process called screeding. For these next few steps, you’ll want to
work in small, manageable sections. Lay a couple of one-inch pipes parallel to
each other, on top of the compacted gravel. Pour out just enough sand to
cover them, then pull a 2×4 across the top to screed the sand. The goal is a
level, even surface, so backfill any gaps with additional sand and re-screed the
area until it’s smooth. Without disturbing the screeded layer, remove the
pipes and lightly mist the sand to help hold it in place. Now you’re ready to
begin laying your pavers. These often can be assembled in a variety of patterns, so
have a plan in mind before beginning. Start in one corner against the house
and work out, placing pavers in rows and nudging them up against each other.
Check frequently with a level to make sure your pavers are installing evenly.
If necessary, you can add more sand below, or tap down with a rubber mallet to
bring them in line. As you work, carefully fill in the valleys from the pipes with
paver sand. Then use a finishing trowel to gently smooth the surface until the
whole work area is nice and level. Between rows, it’s important to stagger
the joints to provide maximum stability to the patio. Here, we’re creating a
simple basket weave pattern with horizontal and vertical pavers. In tight
spaces, you may need to cut pavers with a concrete saw to fit. To hold the outside
pavers in place, either install paver edging or create a trench along the
perimeter with a brick trowel and fill it with cement. This can be covered later
with mulch or soil. For the last step, the surface must be completely dry with no
rain forecast for the next 24 hours. Start by sweeping generous amounts of
polymeric sand down into the joints between pavers, then carefully blow off
any excess sand with a leaf blower. Now spray the entire patio with a fine mist
to activate the binding agents in the polymeric sand. Allow 24 hours for the
sand to fully cure and harden before using your new patio.
Invite the neighbors over for a good old-fashioned barbecue.

39 thoughts on “How to Build a Patio: DIY Paver Patio | The Home Depot

  1. 80 dislikes of people who work on this type of job and now you can do it by your self without paying a lot of money and it’s easy I already done something like this hahahaahaha

  2. You need to run the vibrator plate after adding the poly sand in order to make sure that it settles properly in the joints, otherwise you can get air pockets that may pop out down the road as the top layer of the sand washes out over time

  3. I think a lot of people can follow this instructions; but do they have a healthy back? are they patient enough? do they have long enough attention span to measure tamper, level, etc.? 4+ inches of dirt is a lot of dirt, where would I put it? If they have the money to buy pavers+gravel+sand+machine rental, then they probably have the money for hiring someone else to do it🤑. Well I failed the test😌, I can only embark in this project if I make a 4X4 feet patio😁

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