How Were the Pyramids Built?


Ok, so we are going for a ride around the pyramids. The great pyramid was the tallest man made structure for nearly 4000 years. Only surpassed by a large margin by the Eiffel Tower in 1889. 147 metres high You are interested by climbing? Yeah! Let’s climb it! But is not free. How much? What makes the pyramids even more impressive, is that these structures were built over 4500 years ago, when Egyptians didn’t have wheels or steel. The only metal available was copper and copper alloys. It took about 2 million stones to build that pyramid. Well, I call them stones—giant rocks. Somewhere between 1.5 – 3 tons each Pyramids took about 20 – 30 years to make. That’s a long time, but if you think about the number of stones, a couple million stones in every pyramid, you’d have to be laying a stone roughly once every… 3 minutes. If you consider a regular work day, like a 10 hour, 12 hour work day. Nobody knows how they built it. Still secret. But a lot of people just try to do the best to give you some information about how they did it. But we must say it’s secret. The dead and the thing that sealed them.
Nobody knows. No plans survived to show us how the pyramids were built, so perhaps it’s not surprising that this is the subject of countless conspiracy theories involving aliens, time travel, or lost technologies. But there is a less far-fetched myth which has become widely accepted, that the pyramids were built by slaves. But recent discoveries suggest that the pyramid builders were not slaves at all. They were skilled workers. Well-preserved tombs near the pyramids suggest that their hard labour and sacrifice were rewarded. If these workers had been slaves, they would not have received such honourable burials. But how did they actually manage to build the pyramids? One of the things I find really interesting is that the Egyptians didn’t know about wheels, so they didn’t really even use rollers, as far as we can tell. I mean, these rocks would have been carted across the desert on sleds. There’s a famous diagram of this giant statue being pulled by 172 men, and that, that statue would have weighed somewhere on the order of 68 tons, or something. This would normally create a lot of friction, but the sand was wetted in front of the sled. Experiments show this would reduce the pulling force required by half. The internal stones of this pyramid are all limestone, which is a bit softer and easier to work. You can imagine them working it with those copper chisels that they had. Some of these blocks may have been actually sawed through using copper saws. Now you wouldn’t think that copper could really cut the rock, but if you put an abrasive in there, like a sand, you could actually wear away the stone. It would probably be a very difficult and labour-intensive job. Something that you don’t really think about is that when you build a pyramid you need to build it on level ground. You can actually see there how they had to level out that ground. Well it’s speculated that when the Nile flooded, they put the flood water into a channel and see where the high parts were. So the inside was made of this limestone. The outside of this pyramid was actually made of granite. Much harder stone. I’m at the granite quarry in Aswan where they would have quarried the stones that were used in the pyramids at Giza. Now that is an incredible feat because this is nearly 1000 km away from Giza, and when the Nile flooded, water would come right through here so that they could move all the stones quarried here, this granite, they could move this back up to Giza and use it on the pyramids. These would of had to have been floated down on rafts. Now quarrying this would have been really hard. Granite is one of the hardest rocks because it contains quartz, and quartz on the hardness scale is about a 7, where diamond is a 10. So how would you dig a massive trench like that? Basically the technique was just to smash the dolerite rock into the granite over, and over, and over, again. They would make about 5 mm progress per hour. So there is no clear account of how the pyramids were actually built, but the best guess is that ramps were used. And in fact some ramps have been found on incomplete pyramids. But you can’t build just a straight ramp, a long straight ramp, and keep putting the rocks up. I mean the problem with that is the ramp actually ends up taking up more material than the pyramid itself. I think a ramp which sort of wraps around the pyramids is probably the most likely thing. The top third of the height of the pyramid actually only accounts for about 4% of all the material in the pyramid. That’s why it’s suspected that levers were actually used to finish off the pyramid, to do the top levels. Now the pyramids have clearly weathered, but in the past they would have been a brighter white because they would have used a white limestone to cover the whole face of that pyramid. And then the very top may have been covered with electrum, which is a mixture of gold and silver, so you can imagine, that would be a pretty spectacular sight. The reason these pyramids are shaped this way is so they represent sun rays. Imagine what that would have looked like when it was first built: With a shiny metallic top, and smooth white finish on all of the sides. I think that would have been a sight to behold. Hey! I hope you enjoyed that video, I filmed it earlier this year when I was in Egypt. Now I’m currently in Melbourne, Australia and tomorrow I am flying to the US. In fact next week I’m actually doing a live show in Alabama with Henry from Minute Physics, Dustin from Smarter Every Day, Brady Haran from Numberphile, Periodic Videos, and Sixty Symbols, and CGP Grey from CGP Grey. Yes, he will actually be there in person, so if you want to come and join us, then checkout the link in the doobly doo. You know on all of these long flights I always need something to help me pass the time, and I know what I’m going to be doing tomorrow, I’ll be listening to the brand new audio book from Bill Nye. The book is called Undeniable: Evolution and the Science of Creation, and he actually narrates this book himself, so I can’t wait to listen to it. And if you want, you can download this book for free by going to audible.com/Veritasium or you can pick any other book of your choosing for a 1 month free trial. So I really want to thank Audible for their support, they’ve helped me go to all of these amazing places, and they have hundreds of thousands of audio books, so if you love audio books you should definitely try them out. So thank you for watching and hopefully I will see you next week.

100 thoughts on “How Were the Pyramids Built?

  1. I don't know, if you can believe these facts than I think you are so indoctrinated that you can believe anything they tell you. Literally think about it

  2. You shoulda ended it with "that woulda been a sight to behold" and then looked at the pyramid and corrected it with "well, it still is".

  3. This video has the most plausible explanation of how they built the pyramids. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znQk_yBHre4

  4. And I want people to know the pyramids was damaged in the past people trying to destroy even the nose was destroyed off the face of the Pharaoh to make it seem like he was white or she you can look at the bone structure

  5. If I could travel back in time only once I would travel to the time of the pyramids to see them in all their glory when they were completed.

  6. I have a friend, who has a friend, who has another friend, who knows someone whose father helped building the pyramids. Apparently they used doggy juice mixed with onions to lube the sand.

  7. Watch scroll 📜 ahead and hear literally without doubt how all ancient Egyptian pyramids were made here
    https://youtu.be/VQWS3VpCBo0

    All Pyramids are made of ….watch the video above !

    Ancient Pyramids, Megaliths, Castles, Machu Picchu, Petra, Terracotta Warriors & more all all made from cast molds know as Geopolymer technology! !

    The pyramids helped engulf the earth in free energy.. that's why they're barren & off limits.. the oppressors know they'd make them & their banking oppression obsolete.. They're basically giant audio woofers which is why the oppressors stripped them of their gold and other conduction

  8. Dispensing the same old rediculous narrative that can't possibly be true. I recommend everyone do their own research. Nearly everything this guy states as "fact" is highly debatable and doesn't stand up to real scientific scrutiny.

  9. Thoth built the pyramids in Egypt with Magic demon power of the fallen angels Spirit. Thoth gained immortality from the ankh /beast DNA /Mark of the beast DNA. These People who received the beast DNA will be the people who are in revelation who will wish to die but death will flee them IN the tribulations Wrath of God plagues.

  10. YOU SO DUMB BY MAKING A VIDEO OF THIS OFCOURSE ILL GIVE AN ANSWER

    LETS BEGIN OUR TAIL OF EGYPTIAN'S

    BACK IN THE DAY OR FAR MORE PYRAMID IS MADE BY THE SLAVE OF THE KING IN EGYPTIAN TIME THE KING OR PHERO HAD THE THOUGHT TO BUILD A PYRAMID FOR HIS QUEEN OFCOURSE THERE WERE NO ALIEN HELPERS PYRAMIDS R BUILT OF SEVERAL MONTH OR YEARS TO MAKE BUT THERES SO MANY EGYPTIAN THAT THEY CAN BUILD IT HALF OF YEARS FOR WHAT I THINK I CANT SAY MORE ABOUT IT BUT THERE U GO

  11. 100% BULL. We don't know who, when, why or how they were built. Nobody with average intelligence believes anything this guy is shoveling.

  12. Let me get this right now you spend thousands and thousands of dollars to get over to Egypt right and you put out a 15 minute video? Really? What a pussy

  13. So thats how you cut granet perfectly, by hitting it with a round rock,? Thats totally rubbish some tipe of cutting machine was used obviously thats the only way granet can be cut,

  14. People seems to forget that those "stones" could possibly not stone at all. In recent years (this comment was made in 2019) scientist already conducted many research for geopolymer and roman concrete. These concretes can "possibly" become stone in long term. We still have much work and myself also working on this. But the possibility that ancient egyptian have secret concrete formula, is still viable.

  15. It just feels like a massive, massive waste of time to have spent decades doing this. “Well, guys…we have a new contract. We’re building a pyramid. What are you doing for the next 40 years?” 😮

  16. I dont know about slavery during Egypt but slaves during ancient rome were some of the smartest people of the time so its not surprising that they were skilled

  17. "They" charge me $3 to climb the rearmost of the three pyramids (on the back side so the guards couldn't see us).

  18. I couldn't finish to see this video… the same lame arguments which doesn't explain anything at all…you need to inform better and tell all the concepts there is not just what that ignorant Zahi Hawas make you say….

  19. You should look into the idea that the pyramids where built as a MASSIVE power generator. To Horne's the sun's energy

  20. August 11, 2019- The Transformers were inside the Pyramids.. You just don't know it.. I think Bumblebee and Optimus Prime is hidden inside the walls.. No one would ever find them..

  21. Simple answer: you have no idea, just like the rest of us. First video of yours I disliked. Stick to facts and things you know for sure mister instead of clickbait.

  22. Am i the only one who thought they used a child labour in this video both riding on a horse and the kid leading them

  23. So the tallest structure on earth for 4.000 years was built by people who hadnt even invented the wheel, with copper tools, in 20 years.

    Yeah, ok, sure.

  24. Just imagine what a modern bearing, teleported in the midst of them while they were building, would've caused among them. They would've cheered and thanked the gods and slaughtered 200 virgins to get mercy on their side.

  25. I think the past Egyptians would laugh incredibly hard and then stop suddenly and just be sad if they knew how dumb people in the future would be. I believe those people had assistance with this task and were using a special piece of electrical equipment to produce anti-gravity around those stones. A civilization touched by the Gods of old or as we like to call them now.. “Aliens”

  26. Pyramids still i inclined towards unknown technology… look how the granite stones are smooth… if you are a chemistry guy, do you think there was an involvement of solvent material or substance to smoothen the surface?

  27. To think
    My childrens.. childrens childrens childrens childrens childrens childrens …..x100 children
    Will still havr thr pyramids to look at
    Hw cool

  28. What if it was built by a time travelling crack head who did it for the biggest stockpile of crack that Space Aliens would then summon for him, straight out of the Aether?

  29. His use of the word "secret" is misuse, he means "unknown" at 1:06 and 1:12, this is at least what the opening noise he made at 1:04 onward denotes to be his "meaning." Low I.Q stooge from shithole nation = can not speak English properly.

  30. Fascinating video and all true what he said about how the pyramids were built.✔️

    Any other suggestions would indicate the commenters are only parrot quoting dodgy websites. And yes we can build pyramids with todays technology. Using barcoding to place the sandstone in the exact spot and use circular cutters and cranes and tracks to transport them there.

  31. its hard for me to believe they didn't know about wheels. How could they not know about wheels!? How hard could it be to come up with a wheel, especially for the job they're doing! They can come up with all these other construction techniques to build this gigantic pyramid and they couldn't even think up a simple wheel? Doesn't make sense!

  32. I think you're dead wrong mate that is all speculation if you investigate further the giant granite boxes have internal 90 degree perfect angles and highly polished you can't do that with a rock or copper. Also from Aswan there were blocks moved weighing over 1000 tonnes you can't pull that. The man egyptologist claim who built the Great pyramid is khufu but it doesn't say anywhere he did in fact it only says he made repairs (a matter of interpretation) which is strange because it should be brand new.

  33. 1:10 Perfect visual of why there is controversy over when these were initially started. Look at the difference in craftsmanship and size of the bottom rows of megaliths and the rows above… Why would the skill get worse over time?? … Knowing now that humans definitely had culture at least as far back as the Younger Dryas period… It is entirely plausible that a far more ancient structure existing here that was then added onto by younger civilizations… aka the Egyptians..

    We see this at Machu Pichu, Baalbek, Puma Punku … even Easter island…

  34. There is now a theory that they are not stones but more like concrete that was poured/cast in place. I’m not sure how true this is. I just heard the theory and thought I’d share it with you guys.

  35. I wonder if the “plans” for the pyramids are entombed underneath the Sphinx. It’s just the crook Zahi Hawass (head Egyptologist/archeologist) would never let people search and claimed nothing is there. In all honesty though, if he was selling genuine 4500 year old Egyptian artifacts, he has probably been down there and destroyed the info on how they might have been built. He literally gave a statement one time stating that we now know all there is to know about ancient Egypt as if that statement holds any kind of merit.

  36. In terms of leveling ground, I read probably 20 years ago that they would flood an area and then drive equal length stakes down until they were all flush with the water’s surface. Then they would drain the water, dig around the stakes to find the bottom, and finally even out the ground. Very simple yet effective if true.

  37. I think they were used for holographic images. I can suggest that Jesus Christ after leaving went into Egypt and studied at the great library in Alexandria. I can't prove it but suspect it. don't hate me for it…

  38. I have the utmost appreciation of learning media. But please. https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/detail-egiptyan-money-picture-ramses-ii-561193651 is an example of Egyptian chariots. At 1:58, not Michael here says the thing that impresses him the most. I felt like Michael actually might have known. Maybe I am expecting too much. Given the 3ish minutes it took me to find and example of Egyptian chariots on the interwebs. It behooves Not Michael to at lease fact check his producers so he doesn't seem uneducated.

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